As with his mentor, the late Dr Dian Fossey, the main focus of his work shifted in 1978 from research to conservation work, after poachers killed Digit - a young silverback in one of the Karisoke study groups - to sell his skull and hands. Finding the headless, handless body of a gorilla he regarded as a friend was a turning point in his life. Ten years later in Kenya, the experience was repeated when some of the cave-elephants he was studying were killed by ivory poachers. As a result, he became a conservation consultant and advisor for organisations such as the Born Free Foundation, the Gorilla Organization, Orangutan Foundation, Wildlifeline and the International Fund for Animal Welfare. To encourage such groups to work together, he established and chairs the Ape Alliance (70 organisations linked via www.4apes.com), the African Ele-Fund and the UK Rhino Group (www.rhinogroup.org.uk). He is now Chief Consultant for GRASP - UNEP/ UNESCO Great Apes Survival Partnership he helped launch in 2001.
Born in Malaysia, Ian's passion for animals developed during his boyhood in Beverley, a market town in Yorkshire, and after University, took him in 1976 to Africa. There he joined Dian Fossey, studying and protecting the mountain gorillas of Rwanda and Zaire. This work also led him into documentary film-making. Ian is the man who introduced Sir David Attenborough to the gorillas in 1978, for the famous BBC 'Life on Earth' sequences, and who taught Sigourney Weaver to grunt like a gorilla in 1987, for her award-winning role in the film 'Gorillas in the Mist' (in which he is characterised as 'The Worm Boy'). He has advised in the making of, and/or appeared in more than 50 documentary films for the BBC, National Geographic Society, Discovery Channel, TF1, etc. His books have been translated into many languages and he is in demand as an entertaining and thought-provoking public speaker.
Putting conservation principles into practice, he has led anti-poacher patrols, guided film crews and/or special interest tours into close encounters with gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, elephants and erupting volcanoes, and worked to support local conservationists during the horrors of Rwanda's and D.R. Congo's civil wars. Under-cover investigations led him to play the role of a potential ape-buyer in order to infiltrate a poaching ring in Congo-Brazzaville and more recently a potential Coltan dealer in DRC. His work on behalf of animals was recognised in 1996 with the presentation of the PAWS Humane Achievement Award, at a ceremony in Hollywood, California. He was appointed OBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours in 2006.
As well as great apes, Ian Redmond's research interests include: underground elephants - he carried out the first study and photography of elephants in the caves of Mt Elgon in Kenya and helped Sir David Attenborough to film them for the acclaimed BBC series 'Life of Mammals'; parasites - he studied gorilla parasites, and in Papua New Guinea, discovered several new species of nematode worms; reptiles and amphibians - he discovered two new species of frog, also in New Guinea; and re-introducing orphaned apes, elephants and polar bears to the wild.
Asked to summarise his work, he says, "I am a naturalist by birth, a biologist by training, and a conservationist by necessity. But conservation for me isn't just about saving species. On a larger scale, the planet needs us to save functioning eco-systems; on a smaller scale, we must also recognise that species are made up of individual animals. For me, it became personal when I had the privilege of getting to know individual wild animals in the wild... I can truthfully say that some of my best friends are gorillas, and I care passionately about them and the future of all life on Earth."